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Scientific Discoveries that Changed the Course of Mankind

Scientific discoveries are undoubtedly remarkable. Some have even changed the way we lived forever. While science and technology have introduced so many conveniences that no one would have thought like the ability to play around Roblox music ids in games, taking advantage of voice commands and such, there are more credits that should be given to this field.

Genome Editing

With this, it gave scientists the ability of surgically removing and at the same time, monitor gene activities and regulatory elements controlling them.

This has been a massive game-changer in having a better understanding the underlying concepts of how our biological system works. Not only that, it empowers experts to study the diseases that are disturbing them.


CRISPR is an abbreviation that stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats. To many scientists, it is CRISPR’s versatility that made it one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs of all time. CRISPR may be used in editing, knocking out, inhibiting and activating genes. This made countless scientists to feel more excited about their studies and experiments and see what it can do.

RNA Sequencing

The ability of sequencing transcriptome of cells from other physiological conditions opened new doors in identifying critical molecular markers for a particular disease states and would significantly help in the identification and/or development of therapeutics.

This is perfect especially in those diseases or illnesses that need better and more effective treatment. Scientists can take advantage of RNA sequencing to come up with new medical approaches that would save people’s lives.

The Molecular Structure of DNA

Believe it or not, the majority of modern research is centered on genetics. It involves figuring out the cause of the genetic disorders similar to Huntington’s disease, trying to manipulate animal model’s genomes and also, observing how it is affecting their overall behavior. Even outside of life sciences, DNA profiling made huge impact on the world at large, particularly in forensic science. The process helped in improving criminal justice system and bring justice to those who need it.

To think, these major breakthroughs are only the tip of the iceberg. There are more discoveries that may not even be published yet but, making waves in changing people’s lives for good.

Learning Distance Measurements In The Universe Via Free Education

We use measurements daily. And luckily, we can learn all about measurements for free online through Managed Internet System like Mis Webmail, which is already introduced in Australia and accessed through Mis Webmail Login. In this post, let’s learn for free and focus on learning more about measurements in the universe.

Our daily lives are contained within a tolerable size range. We use millimeters, centimeters, and meters to measure distances in our local proximity. We cover a few kilometers on our route to work. The meter – and its fractions or multiples – is thus an appropriate unit of measurement for the distances we encounter in our daily lives.

By human standards, the distances in the cosmos are enormous, spanning several orders of magnitude. As a result, astronomers employ a variety of length measurements: In the solar system, distances are measured in kilometers (km) or astronomical units (AU), whereas distances between stars or galaxies are measured in light-years (Lj) or parsecs (pc).

What is the size of the earth?

It’s still possible to picture the immensity of our home planet. The earth’s diameter is approximately 12,700 kilometers, while its circumference is around 40,000 kilometers. If an airplane flew at 1.4 times the speed of sound, it could round the globe in a single day. An automobile traveling at 100 km/h, on the other hand, would be on the road for 400 hours, or 16.7 days, to cover 40,000 km.

How far is it to the moon?

The moon is not that far away when compared to the size of the earth. It is just 9.6 times the circumference of the globe, with a distance of 384,400 kilometers on average. We would be on the road for 160 days if we could traverse this distance in a car that travels at 100 km/h. As a result, that speed would not be adequate for transit between heavenly bodies. In approximately 1.28 seconds, a beam of light traveling at 300,000 kilometers per second crosses the distance between the earth and the moon. We may claim that the moon is 1 light second away from the earth as a rule of thumb. Venus is our closest space neighbor after the moon. During lower conjunction, their distance from Earth is the shortest, although it is still roughly 40 million kilometers. That’s more than a hundred times the moon’s distance. For this distance, the light beam takes roughly 135 seconds. Our hypothetical automobile would remain on the road for 16,700 days, or 45.6 years, which is over half a human lifetime.

An astronomical unit is a new unit of measurement for distance (AU)

The sun is the next major milestone. It’s about four times as far away from us as Venus is at lower conjunction, at 150 million kilometers. The astronomical unit (AU) is a measurement of distance in the solar system based on the mean distance between the earth and the sun. For this journey 1 / 3 minutes, the light beam requires 8. (As a general rule, the sun is approximately 8 light minutes distant from the earth.) By the way, the Voyager 1 space probe, launched in September 1977 on a voyage to the extreme reaches of the solar system, has already passed Pluto’s orbit. It passed a zone at a distance of more than 120 AU in summer 2012, 35 years after it began, which signals the transition to interstellar space owing to changes in the density of charged particles. By the way, Voyager 1 is the furthest man-made object; its weak radio transmissions travel for more than 17 hours before reaching Earth.

The light-year and the parsec are distance measurements between stars

Alpha Centauri, the brightest star in the constellation Centaur’s far south, is our fixed star companion. A beam of light from this star must travel 250,000 AU to reach us. He takes four years to complete this task. For such interstellar distances, the astronomical unit has served its purpose, and we now use the distance traveled by a beam of light in one year as the unit of distance. 1 light-year (Lj) is the unit of measurement. The parsec is another unit commonly used by astronomers (pc). The earth’s orbit radius would appear at an angle of one arc second from a star 1 pc away. The following rules apply: 3.26 ly = 1 pc Despite this “wrong” translation, the parsec is a useful unit since astronomers can directly deduce the distance to stars using their normal angle measurements from the earth. This approach appears to work at least for nearby stars, which appear to shift around a little angle in the sky every year owing to the earth’s rotation around the sun.