Gold is one of the mineral resources on earth that are only available in very small quantities. Its rare occurrence and its special shine were the reason why gold became the most important money and valuable metal in the history of mankind over time. It has special importance for Butterfly Earrings production and the financial world. The precious metal also plays an important role as a material for the industry due to its extraordinary chemical and physical properties.
Butterfly Earrings: Basic chemical properties of gold
Basically, gold is a chemical element. The Latin name for gold is “aurum”. The chemical symbol “Au” for gold is derived from this name. In the periodic table, gold has the atomic number 79 in group 11. Like all chemical elements with atomic numbers 21 to 30, 39 to 48, 57 to 80 and 89 to 112, gold is one of the so-called “transition elements” or “transition metals”.
All of those elements of these atomic numbers are firstly metals. Secondly, at these points in the periodic table, there is a transition to an increasing number of electrons in the electron shell. Furthermore, gold, such as plutonium and caesium, is one of the so-called “pure elements”. There is only one isotope for this. Therefore, it only ever occurs in nature with the same number of protons and neutrons in the atomic nucleus.
Gold Butterfly Earrings: High corrosion resistance
What makes the precious metal so interesting for industrial and medical purposes is its high resistance to corrosion. Gold is also referred to as chemically “inert”. So it shows itself to be very sluggish when it reacts with other substances. For example, gold does not react in any way with air and water and does not corrode. Even if it is exposed to demanding weather conditions for a long time.
This high resistance to oxidation makes gold interesting, for example, for the production of electronic control systems for high-end electrical devices. Power components made of gold are extremely resistant to environmental influences. Therefore, it remains conductive for a very long time. Gold is also very acid-resistant. In dentistry, dental fillings are often made of gold because gold fillings cannot be attacked by acids in the mouth or in food. Even gold teeth cannot harm food acids. Only “royal acid” can damage gold and dissolve it.